In California, nine new criminal human trafficking cases were filed in federal courts in 2020. 16 defendants were convicted. 79 percent of active defendants were charged with sex trafficking, and 21 percent were charged with forced labor. Federal courts ordered six out of 13 convicted defendants to pay restitution to their victim(s), similarly to 2018 and 2019.
*Each State Report’s findings are derived from data the Human Trafficking Institute compiled for the 2020 Federal Human Trafficking Report. Findings are not a prevalence estimate of trafficking in the state but instead serve as an objective summary of federal efforts to address human trafficking in that state. The Report does not capture data from state prosecutions, federal or state civil suits, or unreported human trafficking cases.