Throughout the world…
There are an estimated 24.9 million people who are victims of human trafficking. Compelled to work or to engage in commercial sex acts, they live in bondage. But the problem is not simply a global one. It’s domestic.
How do we know?
Prevalence estimates vary greatly for the scope of human trafficking in the United States, but there are ways to track the federal response to this horrific crime. In an effort to better understand how federal courts hold traffickers accountable, the Human Trafficking Institute compiled data from every human trafficking case handled by federal courts in 2019 and published the 2019 Federal Human Trafficking Report (you can check that out here).
Here’s what we found:
In 2019, federal courts in 52 states and U.S. territories handled 785 criminal and civil human trafficking cases. That means there were only four states and territories without a single federal human trafficking case in 2019. A closer look showed the federal response varied wildly from state to state. Want to know how your state stacks up? Click on the map below.
Click below to see your state’s federal response to human trafficking.
Click here for a list of all the state summaries.
Want more information?
*Each State Summary’s findings derived from data the Human Trafficking Institute compiled for the 2019 Federal Human Trafficking Report. Findings are not a prevalence estimate of trafficking in the state but instead serve as an objective summary of federal efforts to address human trafficking in that state. The Report does not capture data from state prosecutions, state civil suits, or unreported human trafficking cases.
Year-over-year trends in the 2019 state summaries represent data only from human trafficking cases charged under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA). The 2019 state summaries provide a separate graphic that illustrates human trafficking cases charged outside of the TVPA to provide a more nuanced look at how the federal government prosecutes human trafficking crimes. In contrast, data in the 2018 state summaries represents all federal human trafficking cases, including those charged under the TVPA and outside of the TVPA. For this reason, data in the 2019 state summaries may differ from data in the 2018 state summaries.