Texas ranks 1st in the United States* in 2019 for the number of active criminal human trafficking cases making their way through federal courts. The state had 65 active criminal cases. Federal prosecutors charged 15 new criminal cases in 2019, ranking Texas 2nd in the United States for the number of new criminal human trafficking cases. In 2019, federal courts convicted 48 defendants in criminal human trafficking cases, ranking Texas 1st in the nation for the number of defendants convicted. Federal courts ordered six out of 47 convicted defendants to pay restitution to their victim(s), ranking Texas 28th in the United States for percentage of defendants ordered to pay restitution.
*Each State Summary’s findings derived from data the Human Trafficking Institute compiled for the 2019 Federal Human Trafficking Report. Findings are not a prevalence estimate of trafficking in the state but instead serve as an objective summary of federal efforts to address human trafficking in that state. The Report does not capture data from state prosecutions, state civil suits, or unreported human trafficking cases.